Problem-based learning

Problem-based learning has been applied since 1974 at Maastricht University. Many years of experience have been accumulated and lots of research has been done. Here you mind find some explanations and some of that research.


A description on how problem-based is used in the Maastricht medical training program. An innovation on the use of real patients as a starting point for learning and its effects can be found here. How effective this school has been in problem-based approach is to be found here


Four modern insights into learning, constructivist learning, self-directed learning, collaborative learning and contextual learning explain why problem-based learning is effective.


One of many more studies showing that problem-based learning has an effect on general competencies.


Comparisons of problem-based learning curricula with traditional curricula usually don't find knowledge differences. Correcting for attrition effects shows problem-based learning may also have a positive effect on knowledge.

Although cultural factors can pose a challenge to the application of PBL in non-Western settings, it appears that PBL can be applied in different cultural contexts.


Even with little resources problem-based learning may have quite a positive effect on sub-Saharan African doctors’ motivation and preparedness to tackle the challenges of health care practice.

This title is self-evident.

A bibliometrics analysis on PBL can be found here.

A Massive Open Online Course on PBL can be found here.